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TurmericTurmeric is known for its therapeutic and culinary applications. The yellow colored root has been spicing up Indian cuisine since ages but more research has revealed that this super spice is also loaded with antibacterial and antiseptic properties. It has been used over wounds as natural antiseptic from centuries now but further research has brought forward its anti-inflammatory properties to light. The humble spice is believed to be having about 600 potential applications in the world of preventive medicine. 

You will find turmeric in fresh and dried form depending on the season and geographical location. If you have been looking for the fresh home grown turmeric then here are the simple steps to grow your own turmeric plant in your home garden.

Small TreeWhere can turmeric plant grow?
Turmeric plant is the tropical plant and can be grown in areas that are warmer. The plant may not grow in the areas where temperature goes below 65°F. Now when you have the favorable climate for turmeric plant, you will require – 

  • Root cuttings or rhizome as this plant would not germinate from seeds.
  • Sunlight that can be either direct or having slight shade may also work.
  • Well-drained soil which may require regular watering.
  • Container if you are not planting the rhizome on the ground.

 

Planting The Rhizome

 

Planting the rhizome 
Turmeric plant doesn’t have seeds and you require rhizome to begin the process. You will need fresh turmeric root to start the sawing process. It may be quite difficult to find turmeric root as it is not very common in all regions but you will be able to get some from supermarket. Those procuring turmeric roots from supermarket may look for 3 to 4 such roots as all roots would not sprout. The big size root with many fingers can be cut into separate pieces and planted to get multiple sprouts. 


Once your root is ready, all you have to do is plant it 2 inches below the soil surface and wait until it gets the sprout. The sprouting would take about a month. You may not keep the pot water logged as it will rot the root. The buds and knobs present in the root may be facing upwards as the sprouts grow from here. 

Growing Turmeric Plant on Ground
Ground Seeding

Even when you have large ground space to plant the turmeric, planting the rhizome indoors and later transferring the same outdoors would always be recommended. The seedlings may require proper care and temperature to grow in its initial phase. Hence, you may grow the seedlings indoors and once you find them growing, transfer them to ground. For multiple seedlings, it is better to keep about 12 to 16 inches space between two seedlings. You can plant the seedling at some sunny location but in case of heavy sunlight, put up a light shade to avoid direct sunlight. 


Plant in Containers

Growing Turmeric Plant in Containers

Not all may have large ground space for kitchen garden and hence may require containers for the same. The width or diameter of the container should be minimum 12 inches to offer enough space to the plant. Turmeric would easily grow in pots if proper care is taken. 

 

Watering and FeedingWatering and Feeding Fertilizers

Plants may require water to grow but too much of water would rot them as well! Plant may not need more water in winters but post-winter you will have to keep the soil damp by regular watering. Feeding fertilizers to the plant would accelerate the growth. You can opt for weekly or bi-monthly feeding. 


Pests PlantsInsect and Pest Attack

Turmeric has pungent smell and would not be attacked by insects or pests easily. In Asian countries, turmeric plant is known to be developing fungal infections. The infection is said to be present if the leaves get patches and turn yellow over the period of time. Leaves will fall off the plant and eventually ruin the entire plant. Bordeaux fungicide is commonly used to treat this type of infection found in turmeric plant.

In the countries other than Asia, the insect attack is not commonly found on turmeric plant. Even if mites attack the leaves, one can easily remove it with spray of water. 


Harvesting Turmeric 
Turmeric HarvestingHarvesting turmeric means removing the roots from the turmeric plant. This is possible only when you dig out the entire plant from the soil or you can slowly remove few roots from the sides without removing the whole turmeric plant. The harvest time comes about 9 to 10 months after the plant is grown. The plant will indicate the harvest time by yellowing and shedding of leaves. When the plant sheds its leaves, your turmeric root is ready for harvest. 


While harvesting turmeric, you will have to dig the plant from soil and slowly remove all rhizomes from the stem. In case you want to continue the cycle, replant couple of rhizomes to get the turmeric ready for next season. The rhizomes will require thorough washing. In some places, turmeric is powdered after drying and the powder is used in curries. Home grown turmeric may be very less in quantity, hence drying and grinding would not be a great idea. You can use the fresh turmeric instead. Make sure that you wear gloves while handling turmeric else it will leave yellow colored stains on your hands that would stay for quite long. 


Storage Tips
TurmericStoring turmeric is not a rocket science as you can do it easily in refrigerator or any cool & dark place. All you have to do is wipe the turmeric to clean it thoroughly. Store the cleaned turmeric into airtight container as it stays good for almost 6 months even if not dried.


Turmeric has proven medicinal properties that have been accepted worldwide. Its culinary uses are also widely known. This super spice can be the part of your kitchen garden as all it needs is small root, 12 inch space, well-drained soil, regular sun, some water, and little care, but what it returns in the form of health benefits is just commendable

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Turmeric is known for its therapeutic and culinary applications. The yellow colored root has been spicing up Indian cuisine since ages but more research has revealed that this super spice is also loaded with antibacterial and antiseptic properties. It has been used over wounds as natural antiseptic from centuries now but further research has brought forward its anti-inflammatory properties to light. The humble spice is believed to be having about 600 potential applications in the world of preventive medicine. 

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